Land disputes are fairly common among neighbors. One neighbor may feel that you have encroached on their property by putting up a fence, or placing a stack of firewood on their side of the property line. The best way to settle the dispute is to clearly mark the property boundaries around your land. Here is how you can survey your own land to make sure you didn't encroach on your neighbor's land if a dispute arises.
Review Past Surveys
The first thing you should do is review your property deed. In the property deed is a written description of your property and your property's boundary lines. You should also go to the county clerk's office to study past surveys on your property and neighborhood to make sure those surveys match up with the information you found in your property deed.
Perform New Survey
You should do a new survey utilizing the data you've collected from your property deed and other sources to make sure the property boundaries have stayed the same over the years. You are going to need the following equipment in order to survey your land:
- Measuring Tape
- Survey Tripod
- Plumb Bob
You need to begin your survey at a known spot on your property line. For example, if a property marker still exists on your property from past surveys (and you are sure no one has moved the marker over the years), you will want to start there. Markers can be colored stakes driven into the ground, or a pipe or rock that would take a lot of effort to move. Otherwise, pick a spot on previous surveys like a road marking that show where your property line starts.
Place your survey tripod over the marked spot on your property and let the plumb bob hang down until it stops moving. Put a stake in the ground directly below the point of the plumb bob to mark the exact property line spot.
Measure the distance between this marked spot and the next one listed in your deed. Use a level to make sure you have a straight line between marked points on your deed. Repeat the process of setting up the tripod and plumb bob. Mark the next spot below the plumb bob with another stake. Run a piece of twine between the stakes to mark the boundary between them. Keep on repeating this until the entire outline of your property has been marked.
If your fence or stack of firewood is in the inside of the twine marking the boundaries of your property, you have every right to keep it where it is.
For more information, contact Krause & Gantzer or a similar company.